展览Exhibition-景观设计中的瑞士印迹 The Swiss touch in landscape architecture

展期:2014年3月8日至2014年4月5日,每周二至周六上午11点至下午5点

开幕式:3月7日下午5点至7点

讲座:3月8日下午3点

Duration: March 8th to April 5th 2014, Tue-Sa 11am-5pm

Opening: March 7th 5-7pm

Lecture: March 8th 3pm

前言

如今,“景观设计”处在我们时代政治,美学和社会交流的中心。虽然人人都对景观抱有个人观点,比如记者、政治家、建筑师、城市规划者和社会学家都无时不刻不在提及景观设计,但大众对于景观设计领域最为重要的人物,即景观设计师和园林设计师,仍旧知之甚少。
这次题为“景观设计中的瑞士印迹”的展览正是想要填补这一空缺,并且洞察多姿多彩的瑞士景观设计。在“景观设计中的瑞士印迹”这一背景之下,我们并不是用狭隘和教条的方式阐释景观设计。除景观设计师外,本展览还为您呈现了建筑师伯纳德•屈米(Bernard Tschumi)、赫尔佐格和德梅隆建筑事务所(Herzog & de Meuron),以及工程师约格•康策特(Jürg Conzett)等的相关设计作品。

瑞士文化基金会,2012年5月30日

 

Introduction

Landscape stands today at the centre of the political, aesthetic and social discourse of our time. While nowadays everyone has a voice concerning landscape — journalists and politicians, architects and urban planners, sociologists etc. refer to it all the time — the most important figures working in the field of landscape, that is, the landscape architects and the garden designers, are still mostly unknown to the public.
The exhibition “the swiss touch in landscape architecture” intends to fill this gap and provide an insight into the extreme richness and variety of Swiss landscape architecture. In the context of “the swiss touch in landscape architecture” landscape architecture is not understood in a narrow and dogmatic way: besides landscape architects, the show also presents the relevant work of architects such as Bernard Tschumi or Herzog & de Meuron and that of engineers like Jürg Conzett.
Pro Helvetia, Arts Council of Switzerland – May 30, 2012

 

瑞士景观设计历史

谈到景观设计 ,瑞士已有相当长的历史。始于十七世纪初期并于十八世纪形成高峰期的阿尔卑斯山一带,引起了人们的广泛关注。许多科学家、画家以及诗人慕名前来体验这里的新鲜空气以及山区神圣和崇高的气氛。这里的天然环境成为人们关注的主题。卢梭甚至将其描述为“一个现实版的电影院”,旅游指南也将其称为“欧洲的花园”。 那时的景观设计都会仿照瑞士的天然景色,像森林、瀑布、急流来进行。随着工业化、新兴旅游业以及基础设施建设的发展,保持整个生态的天然美一直是瑞士景观设计的宗旨。

从二十世纪起,景观设计已经开始在许多领域发展,比如建筑和城市规划。今天当我们提到景观设计时,通常是指它在1945年至今的发展时期。
瑞士景观设计中一直以来都存有三个重要的核心观念:严谨、优雅以及生态意识。景观设计的另一个突出特点是为找到最好的形式不遗余力,不会出现急于求成的解决方案,设计本身的整个过程是非常重要的。术语“典型的瑞士”往往意味的是一个严谨的正式词汇,干净的细节设计,现代材料的自由使用以及植物多样性的减少。

Switzerland has a long history when it comes to landscape. Beginning in the 17th, and reaching its high in the 18th century, the alps draw a lot of attention. Many writers and scientist, painters and poets went there to experience the fresh air, the divine and the sublime atmosphere of the mountains. Wild nature becomes a subject of interest. Rousseau even describes it as “a real theater”, and travel guides are written about “the garden of Europe”. At that time, designed gardens imitated the wild landscape of Switzerland with its forests, waterfalls and torrents. With the industrialization, emerging tourism and developing infrastructure, it has always been a goal in Switzerland to preserve the nature in it’s entire beauty.
From the 20th Century onwards, landscape architecture has developed in many fields, such as architecture or urban planning. When we speak of landscape architecture nowadays, we mean the period from 1945 to our days.
Three values have always been present in Swiss landscape architecture: rigor, elegance and ecological consciousness. An other characteristic in Swiss landscape architecture is the struggle for the best formal solutions, no rapid solutions but the process of design is very important. The term “typically Swiss” often can mean a rigorous formal vocabulary, clean detailing, unconditional use of modern materials and a cutback in plant diversity.

展览相关艺术家:

Le Corbusier

Herzog & de Meuron

Bernard Tschumi Architects (Parc de la Vilette, Paris, France)

asp Landschaftsarchitekten AG (Irchel Parc, Zurich, Switzerland)

Studio Burgi (Cardada-Cimetta, Orselina, Switzerland)

Schweingruber Zulauf Landschaftsarchitekten (Museumpark Kalkriese, Osnabruck, Germany)

Vogt Landschaftsarchitekten (Hotel Greulich, Zurich, Switzerland)

Officina del paessagio (YTL Residence, Kuala Lumpur)